Liz Waid and Adam Navis look at the many reasons people eat alone. They also look at how eating alone may influence a person’s health.

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Welcome to Spotlight. I’m Liz Waid.

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And I’m Adam Navis. Spotlight uses a special English method of broadcasting. It is easier for people to understand, no matter where in the world they live.

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People are eating out at Moomin Café, a restaurant in Tokyo, Japan. Some people sit with their friends while they eat. Other people may not have brought friends. But instead of being alone, they are sitting with large stuffed animals. These white animals are not alive. They are toys as large as humans. The toy Moomin is based on a cartoon animal from Finland. They are cute and fun. But they also have another purpose. They help people who come to the restaurant by themselves to feel less lonely.

Moomin Café in Japan
photo by Hsuanya Tsai
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More and more people around the world eat by themselves. Forbes magazine reports that in the U.S., adults eat nearly half of their meals alone. Some researchers have found that eating alone is not good for people’s health. Others think that it is a good experience to eat meals by yourself. Today’s Spotlight is on eating alone.

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In many places, people feel strange eating out alone. And most restaurants do not have stuffed toys to keep their customers company! But the Telegraph reports that this is changing:

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“Eight in ten people in the United Kingdom believe that eating alone is more socially acceptable than it was five years ago. Almost a third of Britons have done so in the last month. And a third of these had done it in the last week. This shows that the shame of the table for one is on the way out.”

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Many parts of our world are changing quickly. This affects how people eat, and who they eat with. Many people are moving to new cities. Others have jobs where they travel far from home. People must sometimes eat in restaurants in places where they do not know anyone. The structure of families is also changing. A study published in the health magazine Obesity Research & Clinical Practice looked at this issue. This study, from South Korea, explained how changing family structures influence the way we eat. Time Magazine reported on the study:

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“Families in many regions of the world have become smaller in recent decades. There are also more one-person homes. Studies find that ‘at the same time, eating patterns have become irregular, informal, and individualized in the form of more eating alone’.”

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This study also found that eating alone can be bad for people’s bodies. Men who ate at least two meals alone every day, were more likely to have some particular health issues. These issues include higher risk for heart disease and diabetes. Men who ate alone were also more likely to be obese. Eating alone is also connected to emotional health such as feelings of loneliness.

man eating hamburger
Photo by Marcel Heil 
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But there can be good things about eating alone too! Sometimes people use this as a time to be thoughtful and thankful about their lives. Or maybe it is just a moment of quiet time to think. If you eat alone, you can also eat whatever you want. This might lead to unhealthy food choices for some people. But it is an opportunity to concentrate on what you need for your own health and happiness. And, if you go out alone, you might meet new people and find a new friendship.

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The Moomin Café in Japan welcomes people dining alone with a stuffed animal. But in other restaurants people can eat alone in a different way. Another restaurant that is especially for people eating alone is in the Netherlands. It is a small pop-up restaurant so it can move to different locations. It is named Eenmaal. This means ‘one meal’ or ‘one time’ in English. At Eenmaal, there are only tables for one. Each meal is perfectly sized for one person. No one is permitted to bring in cell phones or computers. Customers read books. They enjoy fresh food and their own company. Marina van Goor designed Eenmaal. She tells about Eenmaal’s social influence:

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“We wanted to break the very well-known shame of eating out alone. I noticed that in our society, there is actually no room for being alone in public spaces. We could create a franchise of many more restaurants like this one. I strongly believe it will work anywhere, and there is a need for it.”

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Modern lifestyles and technology can make people very busy all the time. Many people have smartphones with them everywhere they go. People may even go out to eat with others but spend most of the meal on their phones! Layla Khoury-Hanold experimented with eating out every day by herself. She did this for a week. She wrote an article about it for the website Refinery29. She did not let herself use her smartphone while she was eating out. She was worried that people would stare at her. But they did not. Khoury-Hanold writes about what she noticed instead:

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“I was getting bored and had to almost sit on my hands. Otherwise I would pull my phone out of my purse and disappear into Instagram. But when I looked around the room, I realized that more than half of the diners were staring at phone screens. They were not staring at me. They were not even looking at the people sitting across from them!”

man alone at cafe looking at phone
Photo by Chetan Hireholi
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The modern world has changed the way we live and eat. Some people might really be eating “alone” even when they are out with other people! It is not important who people eat with. It is how much they concentrate on what they are experiencing. In this way, a meal alone can be just as good, or even better, than a meal with others.

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Eating alone can be a lonely experience. But it can also be a wonderful one. Many people even enjoy eating meals alone. Of course, eating is an important part of every culture around the world. But if you cannot eat with friends, you can still enjoy good food and good company – your own!

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How many meals a week do you eat by yourself? Do you feel comfortable going out to eat alone? You can leave a comment on our website. Or email us at You can also comment on our Facebook page at

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The writer of this program was Rena Dam. The producer was Michio Ozaki. The voices you heard were from the United Kingdom and the United States. All quotes were adapted for this programme and voiced by Spotlight. You can listen to this program again, and read it, on the internet at This programme is called “Eating Alone”

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Look for our listening app in the Google Play Store and in iTunes. We hope you can join us again for the next Spotlight programme. Goodbye.


How often do you eat alone? Do you feel comfortable eating alone? Write your answer in the comments below.

Join the discussion

  • I usually try to eat something with someones. ı don’t like eating alone at all. Because it is boring. the beauitiful thing is share your food with someones.

  • I rarely eat alone, cuz i live with my family and eat meals with them and sometimes with friends, but if i must eat alone i’ll enjoy it cuz i’ll spend time watching a movie, check my phone, listen to music or read something.

  • Actually ,I eat my meals alone in my home except lunch meal I usually ate it with my family,I love eat my meals with my family and my self because I enjoy when I eat a big meal with my family
    And when I eat alone I become comfortable and I can to think more about my life.

  • Hello spotight,
    I often do eat alone every night, and I prefer to eat alone, because when i eat alone is comfortable. I can eat the way i love, but mom don’t allow me eat alone.

  • hi
    i prever drink a coffee alone in the cafe
    i feel good and i talk whith my self
    i did this sometimes in the months not every week

  • I eat maybe 10to9 meals with myself becaus I don’t have time to eat with friends maybe in the future I will do it .some time I eat with my family .
    Usually I feel comfortable when I eat alone because is my time my moment but I love eating with people.

  • In the fact i don’t like to eat alone for many reason , the first reason is when you eat alone you can feeling about bad thinks and as well as if you have heart disease and this situation the problem is bigger and some people they don’t comfortable to eating alone like me.

  • I eat alone 2 meals per day.
    Yes i feel comfortable eating alone because i am introvert and i love doing my own things in my self without need of anyone .

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Episode 3